Deceased personnel within the continental United States excluding Alaska
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Then, in , the Jones Act required U.
All goods entering or leaving Alaska had to be transported by American carriers and shipped to Seattle prior to further shipment, making Alaska dependent on Washington. Supreme Court ruled that the provision of the Constitution saying one state should not hold sway over another's commerce did not apply because Alaska was only a territory.
The prices Seattle shipping businesses charged began to rise to take advantage of the situation. This situation created an atmosphere of enmity among Alaskans who watched the wealth being generated by their labors flowing into the hands of Seattle business holdings. On July 15 Harding drove in a golden railroad spike at Nenana. The train car in which he rode now sits in Fairbanks' Pioneer Park.
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The Depression caused prices of fish and copper, which were vital to Alaska's economy at the time, to decline. Wages were dropped and the workforce decreased by more than half. In , President Franklin D. Roosevelt thought Americans from agricultural areas could be transferred to Alaska's Matanuska-Susitna Valley for a fresh chance at agricultural self-sustainment. Colonists were largely from northern states, such as Michigan , Wisconsin , and Minnesota under the belief that only those who grew up with climates similar to that of Alaska's could handle settler life there.
The United Congo Improvement Association asked the president to settle African-American farmers in Alaska, saying that the territory would offer full political rights, but racial prejudice and the belief that only those from northern states would make suitable colonists caused the proposal to fail.
Alaska - Wikipedia
The exploration and settlement of Alaska would not have been possible without the development of the aircraft, which allowed for the influx of settlers into the state's interior, and rapid transportation of people and supplies throughout. However, due to the unfavorable weather conditions of the state, and high ratio of pilots-to-population, over aircraft wreck sites are scattered throughout its domain. Numerous wrecks also trace their origins to the military build-up of the state during both World War II and the Cold War.
They were the only parts of the continental United States to be invaded and occupied by an enemy nation during the war. Their recovery became a matter of national pride. The villagers were taken to Japan, where they were interned for the remainder of the war. Many suffered during their two years internment there, and the federal government, charged with their care, provided inadequate health care, food, and shelter. Attu was regained in May after two weeks of intense fighting and 3, American casualties:  killed, injured and severe cold injuries, to disease and dead of miscellaneous causes,  The U.
From June through August, a multitude of bombs were dropped on the tiny island, though the Japanese ultimately escaped via transport ships. After the war, the Native Attuans who had survived their internment were resettled to Atka by the federal government , which considered their home villages too remote to defend. In , the Alaska—Canada Military Highway was completed, in part to form an overland supply route to the Soviet Union on the other side of the Bering Strait.
The construction of military bases , such as the Adak base, contributed to the population growth of some Alaskan cities. Anchorage almost doubled in size, from 4, people in to 8, in By the turn of the 20th century, a movement pushing for Alaska statehood began, but in the contiguous 48 states, legislators were worried that Alaska's population was too sparse, distant, and isolated, and its economy was too unstable for it to be a worthwhile addition to the United States.
President Dwight D. Juneau, the territorial capital , continued as state capital, and William A. Egan was sworn in as the first governor. Alaska does not have counties , unlike every other American state except Louisiana. Louisiana has parishes. Instead, it is divided into 16 boroughs and one " unorganized borough " made up of all land not within any borough. Boroughs have organized area-wide governments, but within the unorganized borough, where there is no such government, services are provided by the state.
The unorganized borough is divided into artificially-created census areas by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. On March 27, the Good Friday earthquake struck South-central Alaska, churning the earth for four minutes with a magnitude of 9. The earthquake was one of the most powerful ever recorded and killed people.
Throughout the Prince William Sound region, towns and ports were destroyed and land was uplifted or shoved downward. The uplift destroyed salmon streams, as the fish could no longer jump the various newly created barriers to reach their spawning grounds. Ports at Valdez and Cordova were beyond repair, and the fires destroyed what the mudslides had not. At Valdez, an Alaska Steamship Company ship was lifted by a huge wave over the docks and out to sea, but most hands survived.
At Turnagain Arm, off Cook Inlet , the incoming water destroyed trees and caused cabins to sink into the mud. On Kodiak, a tsunami wiped out the villages of Afognak , Old Harbor, and Kaguyak and damaged other communities, while Seward lost its harbor. Despite the extent of the catastrophe, Alaskans rebuilt many of the communities. As one of the events leading up to the celebration, the Alaska Centennial Commission sponsored a contest in to come up with a centennial motto and emblem that would express the unique character of the State of Alaska.
In December , the commission announced that they had selected Juneau journalist Richard Peter's suggestion. He stated that the motto " The discovery of oil on the North Slope 's Prudhoe Bay —which would turn out to have the most recoverable oil of any field in the United States—would change Alaska's political landscape for decades.
This discovery catapulted the issue of Native land ownership into the headlines. The government finally took action when permitting for a pipeline crossing the state, necessary to get Alaskan oil to market, was stalled pending the settlement of Native land claims. Between the North Slope and Valdez, there were active fault lines, three mountain ranges, miles of unstable, boggy ground underlain with frost, and migration paths of caribou and moose.
The pipeline allowed an oil bonanza to take shape. Per capita incomes rose throughout the state, with virtually every community benefiting. State leaders were determined that this boom would not end like the fur and gold booms, in an economic bust as soon as the resource had disappeared.
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In , the state's constitution was amended to establish the Alaska Permanent Fund , in which a quarter of all mineral lease proceeds is invested. Income from the fund is used to pay annual dividends to all residents who qualify, to increase the fund's principal as a hedge against inflation, and to provide funds for the state legislature. Oil production was not the only economic value of Alaska's land, however. In the second half of the 20th century, Alaska discovered tourism as an important source of revenue. Tourism became popular after World War II, when military personnel stationed in the region returned home praising its natural splendor.
The Alcan Highway , built during the war, and the Alaska Marine Highway System , completed in , made the state more accessible than before. Tourism became increasingly important in Alaska, and today over 1. With tourism more vital to the economy, environmentalism also rose in importance. Because of the Act, Alaska now contains two-thirds of all American national parklands. Today, more than half of Alaskan land is owned by the Federal Government. The possible environmental repercussions of oil production became clear in the Exxon Valdez oil spill of Fish and Wildlife Service , at least , sea birds, 2, otters, and other marine animals died because of the spill.
Exxon, working with state and federal agencies, continued its cleanup into the early s. Government studies show that the oil and the cleaning process itself did long-term harm to the ecology of the Sound, interfering with the reproduction of birds and animals in ways that still aren't fully understood. Prince William Sound seems to have recuperated, but scientists still dispute the extent of the recovery.
The question of whether to allow drilling for oil in ANWR has been a political football for every sitting American president since Jimmy Carter.
Among native Alaskan tribes, support is mixed. In the s and first decade of the 21st century, votes about the status of the refuge occurred repeatedly in the U. House and Senate, but as of efforts to allow drilling have always been ultimately thwarted by filibusters, amendments, or vetoes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a topical guide to this subject, see Historical outline of Alaska.
In subsection a , the word "receiving" is inserted for clarity. Clause 2 is based on the words "inactive duty training", in a. Clause 3 less words in parentheses is substituted for 6 B 1st sentence, less last 32 words. The words in parentheses in clause 3 are substituted for 6 A 2d sentence, less clause 3. Clause 4 is substituted for 2 clause D of 2d sentence and 5 C. Clause 5 is substituted for 2 E , 11 E less last 27 words. The words "active duty for training", in a , are omitted as covered by the definition of "active duty" in section 22 of this title. The Military Selective Service Act, referred to in subsec.
For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see References in Text note set out under section of Title 50 and Tables. Amendment by Pub. For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections b , d , d , and of Title 6 , Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, , as modified, set out as a note under section of Title 6.
Authority vested by this chapter in "military departments", "the Secretary concerned", or "the Secretary of Defense" to be exercised, with respect to commissioned officers of Public Health Service, by Secretary of Health and Human Services or his designee, see section a of Title 42 , The Public Health and Welfare. Authority vested by this chapter in "military departments", "the Secretary concerned", or "the Secretary of Defense" to be exercised, with respect to commissioned officer corps of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, by Secretary of Commerce or Secretary's designee, see section of Title 33 , Navigation and Navigable Waters.
A of Pub.
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The procedures shall be uniform across the military departments except to the extent necessary to reflect the traditional practices or customs of a particular military department. B inactive-duty training other than work or study in connection with a correspondence course of an armed force or attendance, in an inactive status, at an educational institution under the sponsorship of an armed force or the Public Health Service.
A the active duty or inactive-duty training described in paragraph 1 ; or. In subsection a , the words "Except as provided in section of this title " are inserted to reflect a. The words "to the survivor prescribed by section of this title " are inserted for clarity.
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The words "on or after January 1, " are omitted as executed. The words in parentheses in clause 2 are inserted to reflect 6 A 2d sentence. The words "active duty for training" are omitted as covered by the definition of "active duty" in section 22 of this title. In subsection c , the word "criteria" is omitted as covered by the word "standards". The designation of a person to receive a portion of the amount shall indicate the percentage of the amount, to be specified only in 10 percent increments, that the designated person may receive.
The balance of the amount of the death gratuity, if any, shall be paid in accordance with subsection b. However, only one father and one mother may be recognized in any case, and preference shall be given to those who exercised a parental relationship on the date, or most nearly before the date, on which the decedent entered a status described in section or of this title. B who have been judicially determined, before the decedent's death, to be his children;. C who have been otherwise proved, by evidence satisfactory to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, to be children of the decedent; or.
D to whose support the decedent had been judicially ordered to contribute. In subsection a , the words "highest on the following list" are substituted for the words "first listed below", in c. The words "as prescribed by subsection b " are inserted in clause 2 to reflect that subsection. The words "or persons in loco parentis, as prescribed by subsection c " are inserted in clauses 3 A and 4 to reflect the fact that certain persons who are not parents in the normal sense are included as eligible survivors.
In subsection d , the words "the death gratuity" are substituted for the words "the amount to which he is entitled under this subchapter". The words "next in the order prescribed" are substituted for the words "first listed under". Former subsec. However, only one father and one mother, or their counterparts in loco parentis, may be recognized in any case, and preference shall be given to those who exercised a parental relationship on the date, or most nearly before the date, on which the decedent entered that status.
The designation shall indicate the percentage of the amount, to be specified only in 10 percent increments up to the maximum of 50 percent, that the designated person may receive. The balance of the amount of the death gratuity shall be paid to or for the living survivors of the person concerned in accordance with paragraphs 1 through 5 of subsection a.
For this purpose:. A person covered by section a 4 of this title who dies while attending field training or a practice cruise under section b 6 B of this title , or while traveling directly to or from the place where the training or cruise is conducted, is considered to have been entitled, on the date of his death, to the pay prescribed by the second sentence of section c of title That period may not end before midnight of the day on which the member is discharged or released.
In subsection a , the word "pay" is substituted for the words "basic pay plus special and incentive pays ", since the word "pay", as defined in section 27 of this title , includes those types of pay. Clause 1 is inserted to reflect section a 1 of this title. Clauses 2 and 3 are substituted for 6 B last 32 words of 1st sentence. Clause 4 is substituted for 10 B. The words "to the pay prescribed by section c or c of this title " are inserted to reflect those sections, which prescribe the training pay of members of reserve officers' training corps units.
Clause 5 is substituted for 11 E last 27 words.
Clause 6 is substituted for d. In clause 6 , the word "pay" is substituted for the words "basic pay plus special and incentive pays ", since the word "pay", as defined in section 27 of this title , includes those kinds of pay. Clauses 7 and 8 are substituted for c. In those clauses, the words "active duty for training" are omitted as covered by the definition of "active duty" in section 22 of this title.
In clause 8 , the words "and who became entitled to basic pay" are substituted for the words "and is placed in a pay status" and the words "is entitled to that pay" are substituted for the words "remains in a pay status". In subsection b , the words "on or after January 1, " are omitted as executed. The words " other than for training " are inserted, since the words "active duty" in the source statute did not include active duty for training. The words "is considered to continue on that duty" are substituted for the words "shall be deemed to continue on active duty".
The last sentence is substituted for 12 last 14 words. See Effective and Termination Dates of Amendments notes below. Effective as of October 1, , the provisions of section of title 10, United States Code , as in effect on the date before the date of the enactment of this Act [May 11, ] shall be revived. For the purpose of making immediate payments under section of this title , the Secretary concerned shall—.
The word "territorial" is substituted for the words "military or naval", since the subsection could only apply to that type of command, installation, or district. Clause 2 is substituted for 2. For the purposes of section of this title , the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall make those determinations. In making those determinations, the Secretary concerned or the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, as the case may be, shall consider—. In cases covered by this subsection, the burden of proof is on the claimant.
In subsection a , the words "was put to death" are substituted for the words "suffered death". The words "or naval" are omitted as covered by the word "military". C performing authorized travel directly to or from active duty or inactive-duty training;. D remaining overnight immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or remaining overnight, between successive periods of inactive-duty training, at or in the vicinity of the site of the inactive-duty training;. E staying at the member's residence, when so authorized by proper authority, during a period of inactive duty training or between successive days of inactive duty training;.
How does an employee receive pre-authorization for medical treatment? Instructions for uploading information to a case file can be found in the help section of the ECOMP website. Alternatively, you may fax this information to the Cleveland District Office at Skip to page content United States Department of Labor. Office of Workers' Compensation Programs.