Beyond the Rainbow Flash (Flash Travelers Book 1)

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They are easy to use and their portability makes them incredibly convenient. In addition to storing files, they can also be used to run portable apps. Certain applications can be turned into portable versions of themselves. You can have access to various software applications to use on any computer. Free programs exist to convert applications to portable ones to, in essence, create a portable PC on a thumb drive.

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With 4 TB of storage in such a portable size, the limits to their use are virtually endless. USB drives can be password protected, or some can even be secured using biometric features, like a finger print. There are some concern related to USB drive security. They can contain large amounts of information, and given their portability, they can be used for transporting files secretly.

Anyone with access can simply plug a USB drive into a computer, copy files onto it, and remove them from the premises. USB drives carry an additional security risk in that they can contain malware that can be automatically launched using AutoPlay which can be disabled as soon as they are plugged in. SSDs use a grid of electrical cells to quickly send and receive data. However, as with flash memory, SSD's can last only a finite amount of writes. As an SSD is used, the electrical charges within each of its data cells must be periodically reset.

Unfortunately, the electrical resistance of each cell increases slightly with every reset, which increases the voltage necessary to write into that cell. Eventually, the required voltage becomes so high that the particular cell becomes impossible to write to. While SSD's include extra capacity which cannot be seen by the user solely to replace cells which become damaged this way, after a lot of writes usually over TB , the drive will fail. However the volumes of writes reading alone isn't affected required to do so is far out of the reach for most users.

That way you can access your files wherever you are, whenever you want, on your laptop or Smartphone or even a different computer. This is the basic concept of cloud storage. When data is removed from a file, the logical size of the file remains but the physical size is reduce. Being much faster and reliable than storage devices like CDs, DVDs, hard disks, and flash drives, an online remote storage provides protection against system errors like viruses, and enables one to recover lost data from any potential system crashes.

Being critical to not only businesses, but home computer users as well, an online storage provides low-cost and easily accessible security for data management and storage. The first floppy drives used an 8-inch disk that was later called a "diskette" as it got smaller, which evolved into the 5. The 5. The floppy disk is an archaic physical external storage device that is now obsolete.

There might be some banks that still use this storage medium, but any business or person who is considered computer literate does not use this system to store information. The down sides to floppy disks are that they are not compatible with any device that is contemporary, their security is non-existent, and the storage capacity is low - usually with a maximum of 1.

The last version of a floppy disk was released in by IBM.

Holographic storage utilizes photo-sensitive media and innovative laser beam technology as a means of computer storage. This new storage method has the ability to store 1, DVD's into this 4 square inch storage device. This is unlike previous methods of data recording, such as magnetic and optical hard drives, which involve a rotating disk or simple 2D lasers. Instead, holographic storage begins with a single laser that is split into two separate parts -- the signal beam carries data , and the reference beam reconstructs hologram when prompted.

A spatial light modulator is used to encode data for the signal beam, followed by a conversion of electronic data into binary code. The signal and reference beams intersect, and a holographic image is created through a 3D refraction that is etched into the media. Advantages include a safe, fast, reliable, and portable system of storage. Disadvantages include expense, limited capacity, and recording fails.

UV rays can also erase the data, which makes this method unstable in the long-term. Since the concept is still in its infancy, however, problems are expected to diminish greatly over time. Storage area networks are clusters of high performance computers used to transfer huge amounts of data. SANs are also used for distributed processing applications requiring fast local network performance and designed specifically for data management.

SANs move storage resources off the common user network and into an independent network. What this does is allow each server too access any shared storage extremely quickly, as if it was already attached to the server. Typically, a SAN is assembled using three components: cabling, host bus adaptors, and switches. What makes a good storage area network? A SAN definitely needs to be indestructible and have a built-in protection against any potential harmful failure.

If a SAN is vulnerable to failures and is unable to recover lost data, an enterprise may even go out of business! NAS is a type of dedicated file storage device typically connected by a wired networking connection, therefore only providing local area network users with storage.

NAS supports file transfers, in which it will back up any data that appears in the form of files, such as email boxes, web content, remote system backups. The main advantage of a network attached storage is that network storage is no longer limited to the amount the computing device can hold.

NAS devices typically look very box-like, without a keyboard or display. NAS products come in levels of capable storage space, drive capacity and drive scalability, often placed into one of 3 categories: Desktop NAS, devices aimed at small businesses and home users; Mid-market NAS, devices capable of running several hundred terabytes but not clustering; Enterprise NAS, devices that can store huge amounts of files, including virtual images, and being able to NAS cluster.

Both systems of storage serve different purposes for their clients. A NAS network will behave in a way that makes it similar to any other network component. In contrast, the storage devices of a SAN network are found in a separate network but connected to the main one.

Overall though, both systems are used for storage and over time the performance offered by both is becoming harder to distinguish. An optical disc is a flat, circular disc that stores data and is made out of a very strong plastic called polycarbonate substrate. This helps to protect the disc with many layers of coating. Data on these discs are read optically, which means that they store data using laser beams.

Have Bird, Will Travel - Critical Role - Campaign 2, Episode 23

Data can be stored on one or both sides of the disc. The track, which is a single spiral around the disc, spins from inside the center track or groove to the outermost track for the data to be read. The advancement in technology has made viewing and burning capabilities for DVDs and CDs much more beneficial. These optical discs do not degrade, like VHS and magnetic media do. Optical discs are used in our every day lives for storage, backing up, photos, movies, music, and much more.

Read only discs are molded and stamped to show the data so that it can only be read and not over written. There is a complex process that takes place when writing the data on the optical disc. The places that are not changed on the optical discs are called lands. Switching from a pit to a land represents a 1 like discussed in the system unit. These different types of lasers are used to store different amounts of data at a more compact size. Many households have switched to Blu-ray DVD players. However, users are upset because only BD discs can be played on BD drives which is considered a hassle to some.

These drives are also used to burn data on the discs.

Rainbow Flash

Optical disks were invented in by David Paul Gregg, he patented them. James T. Russell was then the first person to have made a recording audio digitally to an optical disk. The purpose of the first generation was only for audio and computer software. They were capable of making a CD video but the VHS cassette was more popular at the time and it cost too much to produce them.

Later the second generation could store even more data and was used for video. They were read with a visible laser light which allowed the lands a pits to be smaller thus creating more space to for more data. They allowed 4. The third generations are being developed to create even more storage available, like a Blu-ray disc. The Blu-ray disc use blue-violet lasers.

There is even a fourth generation to be discovered that could hold up to one terabyte of storage. These are CDs or DVDs that come with something already prerecorded on them and they cannot be cleared. This is because the pits that are molded into the surface of the disc are permanent.


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There are also read-only discs for video games and different software. Recordable optical discs are also sometimes referred to as write-once discs. This means that these can be written to but the discs cannot be reused or erased. Recordable CDs are often used for backing up files, making music CDs, or sending large files to other people. BD-R discs are used for even larger back ups that need even more storage and they are used for high-definition multimedia files. These can be written on and then erased and rewritten on. To rewrite on these types of discs they use phase change technology.

So basically the rewriteable disc is coated with a metal alloy compound. They then use heating and cooling to write on the disc without making it permanent. These are used for backing up files but they are more convenient than recordable optical discs because they can be used multiple times. Compact Disc CD is used to store video, audio, and data in different formats classified in the Rainbow Books. However, Overburning might affect product warranties and result in lost data so it is not recommended. However, it might affect product warranties and result in lost data so it is not recommended.

The newest form of optical disk is the Blu-ray disk BD , which was officially announced on February 19, , and was first available to consumers on April 10, Blu-ray gets its name from the blue laser that reads it as opposed to the red laser that reads DVDs. BDs have more storage capability than its predecessor and also has a variety of new functions that DVDs did not have, such as the following: record high-definition television without losing quality, record one program while watching another at the same time, automatically search for an empty space on the disc to avoid recording over a program, and access the Web to download subtitles and other features.

The way BDs achieve this is by having smaller pits, so more data can be stored, and having a laser with a shorter wavelength, a blue laser, that can read more precisely. DVDs could not fit more information because a red laser is not precise enough to read pits that are packed together as close as the pits on a BD. Pits on a DVD could be a minimum of 0. Also, the track pitch on BDs has been reduced from 0.

Unfortunately, as we all have experienced, these disks often times get scratched, making the CD or DVD skip, or sometimes not work at all. During Crisis , he was cured by an energy blast, and after angsting about it for a while, decided to carry on Barry's legacy by becoming the new Flash , which led into the rebooted Flash series. As the series went on, Wally matured.

His speed, which had been limited to about the speed of sound after Crisis , started increasing. He became good friends with the woman who would later be his steady love interest, reporter Linda Park. Subverting There Are No Therapists , he actually got therapy. His Secret Identity went public. Then Mark Waid came on the series, and things really took off. Wally was increasingly linked to the Flash legacy, and it to him. He started fighting Barry's old villains. Jay popped up more often. Iris returned from the future, with a new speedster in tow; Bart Allen , a. Impulse, Barry's grandson, who had inherited his speed, but had no sense of personal danger or responsibility after being raised in virtual reality.

He originally could not slow down and could only interact with a world that worked at computer speeds; he was later taught to shift gears. Barry seemed to return, but it was really a complex delusion of a time-travelling Professor Zoom. Finally, the thing that would forever after define the Flash legacy showed up: the Speed Force.

After a trip through time, Wally began to transform into energy. Max Mercury, a Golden Age speedster, showed up, explaining that Wally had touched a quasi-mystical dimension, "beyond the speed of light", that was the source of all speedsters' powers. Max became the mentor to Wally and later, to Bart. Wally was eventually sucked in, but managed to come out the other side due to the power of his love for Linda. Bart spun off into his own, light-hearted series, Impulse. Meanwhile, Wally and Linda got ready to tie the knot. As had become de rigeur for a Flash wedding, something horrible happened , with Linda kidnapped by Abra Kadabra and apparently erased from existence.

He was replaced by a Darker and Edgier Flash; a mysterious figure who was trusted by the few people who knew his identity initially he never took his mask off on panel. After Waid left the book, Geoff Johns took it in a new direction; Linda's unborn twins were killed by Wally's Evil Counterpart , the new Zoom, and Wally subsequently got the Spectre to wipe everyone's memory of the Flash's secret identity, including his own.

Gradually, first Wally then other heroes, then Linda learned the truth. Bart came back from the dead and got plot-relevant de -aged in Legion of 3 Worlds. He once again donned the identity of Kid Flash, and made it back to modern times. As of the end of Blackest Night , the DC Universe was left with the unprecedented scenario of all four Flashes alive and well.

Whilst the fandom hoped the writers would take full advantage, the opportunity was never capitalized on, with the Flash series focusing on Barry and barely featuring Wally it was supposed to, but Schedule Slips prevented that , Bart or Jay during the 12 issues of the series. And then Flashpoint happened. In the New 52, the franchise has basically undergone a hard reboot.

Whilst Barry is still the Flash, he's no longer married to Iris and is now in a relationship with Patty Spivot; and whilst Kid Flash is still around and Bart is still in the suit, he's no longer related to Barry nor are his powers Speed Force-related. As for Jay Garrick, the event also re-established Earth 2 , making Jay once again Barry's Alternate Universe counterpart, albeit one who's Younger and Hipper ; in fact, he's younger than Barry.

Wally West is still Iris West's nephew, but had been de-aged to 12 years old and is now biracial as a result of The Flash making the West family Black. In this universe, Barry never caught Eobard, and it was unclear whether Eobard even existed. He eventually resurfaced, going purely by Professor Zoom, and having an entirely different backstory. Though he is still the person who murdered Nora Allen. The 12 year old Wally seen in the New 52 is revealed to be a distant cousin of the original, with both of them named after their great grandfather.

Barry's book also saw "a Speed Force storm" in Central City empower a number of citizens. At the end of the story, all but one of them is depowered unbeknownst to Barry — Avery Ho , a Chinese-American woman who now serves as the Flash of China. See New Super-Man for more. At the same time, the JSA is explicitly referenced at the beginning of the relaunch, and the original Jay Garrick's helmet makes a cameo. However, unlike Wally, he isn't able to return At the same time, it is revealed that a villain is orchestrating a plan to destroy the Flash Family — Hunter Zolomon.

For tropes relating to this story, see " Flash War ". A re-imagining of the Flash exists in the Just Imagine series.

beyond the rainbow flash flash travelers book 1 Manual

This version of the Flash is a college girl called Mary Maxwell who gains super speed after her father attempts to save her from a life-threatening disease that slowly drained her energy, by injecting her with hummingbird DNA. DC even has two Funny Animal versions of the Flash:. The only times all four Flashes have been on-screen together are two episodes of Young Justice. Episode six of season two, "Bloodlines," features Bart coming to the show's present from forty years in the future, and one by one, he, Wally, and Jay step in to help Barry fight off a villain targeting The Flash.

The other episode is the series finale, "Endgame," where Barry, Bart, Wally, and Jay are among the 40 heroes teaming up to thwart the Reach's attempt to destroy the Earth out of spite. While Jay only appears in a crowd shot, Barry, Bart, and Wally are forced to use their speed to create enough kinetic energy to counteract a "secret" bomb the heroes discovered too late to disarm.

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