Autism (Psychological Disorders)

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Retrieved 7 February Lay summary — Medical News Today 7 February American Journal of Medical Genetics. Child Mind Institute. Retrieved 13 February Archived from the original on 29 October — via Centers for Disease Control. Molecular Psychiatry. Am J Psychiatry. Archived from the original PDF on 17 May Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry.

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Bibcode : PLoSO Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Topics in Language Disorders. Archived from the original on 14 July Harvard Review of Psychiatry. Aust Fam Physician. Archived from the original PDF on 7 April Why have drug treatments been so disappointing? Novartis Found Symp. Novartis Foundation Symposia. Pharmacol Ther. Front Psychiatry Review. Archived from the original on 27 July The Guardian. CBC News. World J Pediatr Review. However, available data arise from studies with small sample size and are still controversial.

In general, despite encouraging data, no definite proof still exists. Their implementation should always be guided by health care practitioners. J Child Neurol.

Mental Health for Individuals with ASDs | Organization for Autism Research

Ferriter M ed. Knivsberg "monitoring of the compliance with diet was not carried out" Clin Ther Review. At this time, the studies attempting to treat symptoms of autism with diet have not been sufficient to support the general institution of a gluten-free or other diet for all children with autism. There may be a subgroup of patients who might benefit from a gluten-free diet, but the symptom or testing profile of these candidates remains unclear.

Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. Notably, a gluten- and casein-free diet might have a positive effect in improving hyperactivity and mental confusion in some patients with ASD. Nutr Hosp in Spanish.

Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders

Hyperbaric therapy, in which oxygen is administered in special chambers that maintain a higher air pressure, has shown possible effects in other chronic neurologic conditions and has also undergone preliminary exploration in ASDs. Current Psychiatry Reports. Cogn Behav Neurol. Can J Psychiatry. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved 11 March Archived from the original on 25 March National Health Service, UK.

Archived from the original PDF on 30 December Retrieved 29 December Pediatr Res. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Retrieved 7 March Environ Health Perspect. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. Br J Psychiatry.

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What is autism?

Sleep Med Rev. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. Independent Living Institute. Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 23 December Hist Psychiatry. The quote is a translation of Bleuler's original. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry Report published 31 March Wien Klin Wochenschr in German. Retrieved 19 March The Atlantic. In: Volkmar FR. Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Cambridge University Press; The New England Journal of Medicine.

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Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 27 May United Nations. Retrieved 17 November Retrieved 18 November Autism Sunday. Archived from the original on 3 March Autism Speaks. American Public Media. The New Yorker. Mental Health Daily. Big Think. Retrieved 16 June Health Care Analysis. Washington Post. Retrieved 31 December Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Archived from the original on 4 March Archived from the original on 6 December ICD - 10 : F Pervasive developmental disorders and autism spectrum F84 , Autism spectrum High-functioning autism Classic Autism Asperger syndrome Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified Childhood disintegrative disorder Rett syndrome.

Alexithymia Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Anxiety disorder obsessive—compulsive disorder Late talker Epilepsy Fragile X syndrome Hyperlexia Savant syndrome Sensory processing disorder Intellectual disability Developmental coordination disorder Multiple complex developmental disorder. Autism-related topics Fictional characters Schools. Adult personality and behavior. Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Paraphilia Fetishism Voyeurism Sexual maturation disorder Sexual relationship disorder. Factitious disorder Munchausen syndrome Impulse control disorder Dermatillomania Kleptomania Pyromania Trichotillomania Personality disorder.

Childhood and learning. X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome. Pervasive Specific. Mood affective.

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Neurological and symptomatic. Delirium Organic brain syndrome Post-concussion syndrome. Management of mental ill health in people with autism spectrum disorder. People with psychological disorders: Moving outside the comfort zone. Should naltrexone be the first-line medicine to treat alcohol dependence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations? An Australian perspective. An uncommon cause for a unilateral pleural effusion: Rheumatoid pleuritis.

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Fertility-awareness knowledge, attitudes and practices of women attending general practice. General practice ethics: Continuing medical education and the pharmaceutical industry. Towards an educational continuing professional development EdCPD curriculum for Australian general practice supervisors. Food insecurity in Australia: Implications for general practitioners. Requests for permission to reprint articles must be sent to permissions racgp. The views expressed by the authors of articles in Australian Family Physician are their own and not necessarily those of the publisher or the editorial staff, and must not be quoted as such.

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Focus Mental illness. Management of mental ill health in people with autism spectrum disorder Volume 44, No. Article Download article Download Citations. Discussion The incorporation of specific knowledge and adaptations in the areas of communication, awareness of physical health comorbidities, management of challenging behaviour, impact of the environment, role of carers and an approach that values neurodiversity has the potential to positively influence mental health outcomes of adults with ASD. Downloads Help with downloads. November Focus Foley pdf KB. Opening or saving files Files on the website can be opened or downloaded and saved to your computer or device.

MP3 Most web browsers will play the MP3 audio within the browser. No competing interests:. I declare the following competing interests:. Yes No. Confirm E-mail:. Add Another Author. Competing Interests:. Body dysmorphic disorder in men. Chronic schizophrenia and the role of the general practitioner. Letters to the editor. Nailfold dermatoscopy in general practice. Non-resolving eye injury. Vaccination and the law. Clinical Challenge. Ask the patient or carer to bring their personal health record Determine any specific requirements mobility or sensory Arrange for a longer appointment time where appropriate.

Improves clinical assessment Optimises experience in further medical appointments. Simplifying language Leave pauses and wait Communicate one idea at a time Speak in a normal tone Avoid ambiguous language Consider most appropriate communication style eg written, verbal Consider using multiple techniques eg message supported by written materials. Improved communication will improve accuracy and quality of assessment Changes in communication may reflect changes in mental health. Perform a hierarchical assessment, which considers the contribution from medical and psychiatric disorders Refer to appropriate specialist behaviour support or specialist psychiatrist.

Untreated medical and psychiatric disorders commonly exacerbate challenging behaviour Poorly managed challenging behaviour leads to exclusion from participation, which may have a negative impact on mental health. Carers can assist GPs with valuable personal information about the adult on the spectrum eg changes in behaviour, communication, nutritional uptake and previous medical history Refer carers to support services where appropriate. While behavioral challenges worsen during adolescence in some children who have ASD, according to the DSM-5, most show improvements in later childhood and adolescence.

In some individuals, symptoms are better explained as Intellectual Developmental Disorder or global developmental delay. Those who have challenges with social communication but do not exhibit other symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder may better match the criteria for Social Pragmatic Communication Disorder. The specific causes of autism are not fully understood, but research indicates that genes interact with aspects of the environment to determine whether an individual has autism.


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There is also evidence that the disorder may be caused by failure of embryonic brain cells to undergo normal patterns of migration during early development, affecting later brain structure and wiring of nerve-cell circuits that control social skills, language, movement, and other abilities. A sex imbalance in the number of affected children four times more males than females suggests the disorder may also be related to fetal exposure to abnormally high levels of testosterone in utero; many of the traits of autism are said to reflect male cognitive and behavioral preferences, such as orientation to detail rather than the big picture, affinity for things rather than social experience, facility for math and numbers, and even linguistic impairment; children with autism can accumulate a large vocabulary without being able to sustain a conversation.

A belief that autism is caused by standard childhood immunization with mercury-containing vaccines persists despite many studies discrediting the link and retraction of the original research paper linking autism to immunization. There is no cure for ASD, but early treatment can help mitigate the challenges associated with it. Therapeutic and educational interventions can help people with ASD learn important social and practical skills and reduce harmful behaviors. ABA may be practiced with both children and adults and with individuals whose symptoms range from mild to severe.

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